Book’s Description: 100 YEARS – 100 STORIES Celebrating the rich history of preservation and enjoyment through personal recollections or the land. Stories and experiences from 100 people whose lives have been enriched and who have been inspired by the grandeur and beauty of Glacier National Park. All proceeds from sales of this book support the Glacier Centennial Program. 371 pages. Black and white photography.
As an author of one of the book’s essays, I see this reception as a wonderful opportunity for area residents and other park visitors to learn more about the book and the great memories in contains from the last one hundred years.
WEST GLACIER, MONT. – In celebration of America’s great outdoors, Glacier National Park will be joining national parks and wildlife refuges around the country in offering free admission to the park on Saturday, June 5 and Sunday, June 6.
This summer’s fee-free days at national parks and wildlife refuges are intended to encourage Americans to get outdoors and experience their public lands. Additional admission-free days are planned for August 14 and 15, September 25 and November 11.
Outdoor Education Course
For visitors especially interested in bears, The Glacier Institute is conducting a “100 Years of Bears” course. Reservations are required for the three day course, and there is a course fee and a student limit of 13. Call 406-755-1211 for more information. The course, which is conducted by Ralph Waldt, includes hikes into bear country. The course is scheduled for June 4 to June 6.
The Institute recommends the following books for those interested in Glacier’s bears:
Crown of the Continent: The Last Great Wilderness of the Rocky Mountains. Ralph Waldt, Riverbend Publishing, Helena, MT, 2004.
Grizzly Country. Andy Russell, Nick Lyons Books, 1967.
Bear Attacks: Their Causes and Avoidance. Steve Herrero, Winchester Press, Piscatawy, N.J.
The Grizzly Bear. Thomas McNamee, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1984.
The Grizzlies of Glacier. Warren Hanna, Mountain Press Publishing Co., 1978.
Help celebrate 100 Years of Community in the Canyon at Tamarack Lodge in Hungry Horse, June 5, 7:30 pm to 9:00 pm.
The Historic Tamarack Lodge was built in 1907 and served in its original location as the Visitors Center for Glacier National Park. The public is invited to celebrate the lodge’s heritage with an evening of entertainment and discovery as part of Glacier National Park’s 2010 Centennial.
Relax in the original lodgepole pine architecture of the Lodge as local historian Bill Dakin brings to life the small communities that surrounded it in its early days, then sit back and enjoy the soothing sounds of Brad Lee, as the Grammy-nominated musician and local resident sings songs inspired by the beauty of the mountains.
Built in 1907, the lodge was moved to its current location in 1948 and completely renovated in 2003.
Glacier National Park’s Centennial Program Committee received the 2009 George and Helen Hartzog Volunteer Group Award for its efforts in promoting the park’s 2010 centennial.
Recipients of the 2009 Hartzog Awards for outstanding volunteer service were honored by the National Park Service and the National Park Foundation at a May 13 ceremony in Washington, DC.
Coordinating Glacier National Park’s 100th anniversary activities through a community-driven Centennial Program, volunteers invested more than 1,000 hours of service and embraced the mission of celebrating the park’s rich history and inspiring personal connections.
Representing the Glacier Centennial Program were Glacier National Park Deputy Superintendent Stephanie Dubois, Glacier Centennial Coordinator Kassandra Hardy, volunteer Jan Metzmaker, and volunteer Alicia Thompson.
The group facilitated 108 centennial activities with 58 various organizations. They also helped 61 local businesses reduce their carbon footprint, developed 184 centennial products with 47 vendors, sponsored an art contest with 113 artists, and produced a book of selected stories with contributions from 240 authors.
National Park Service Deputy Director Mickey Fearn congratulated the recipients and recognized the contributions made by all park volunteers. “Volunteers increase the energy of the National Park Service and allow us to continue to do what needs to be done, including all things that could not be done without them.”
Honoring Outstanding Service
The George and Helen Hartzog Awards for Outstanding Volunteer Service were started eight years ago to recognize the time, talent, innovation, and hard work contributed to national parks through the Volunteers-In-Parks (VIP) Program. Last year, 196,000 volunteers spent 5.9 million hours assisting the National Park Service.
George B. Hartzog, Jr., (1930-2008) served as the director of the National Park Service from 1964 to 1972 and created the VIP Program in 1970. In retirement, he and his wife established a fund to support the program and honor the efforts of volunteers. His widow, Helen, and children attended the awards ceremony and congratulated each recipient.
City: St. Paul, MN
Date: Saturday, May 15th
Location: Rice Park
Time: 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
A touch of Glacier in downtown Saint Paul. Glacier comes to life through exhibnits, vendors, and live music featuring Montana’s Troubador Jack Gladstone and local bluegrass band Pickin’ up Steam. Activities for kids; Glacier Education Specialist Laura Law will be on hand. In addition, a 1930s Red Jammer bus will be on display.
Glacier Fest is free and families are welcomed. Commemorative buttons will be available for a $5.00 donation to that support the Glacier Park Fund.
See Glacier Fest for informational exhibits and presentations including LOSING A LEGACY: DISAPPEARING GLACIERS, 100 DAYS OF GLACIER, and LAND OF MANY STORIES.
“Far away in Montana, hidden from view by clustering mountain-peaks, lies an unmapped northwestern corner- the Crown of the Continent. The water from the crusted snowdrift which caps the peak of a lofty mountain there trickles into tiny rills, which hurry along north, south, east and west, and growing to rivers, at last pour their currents into three seas. From this mountain-peak the Pacific and the Arctic oceans and the Gulf of Mexico receive each its tribute. Here is a land of striking scenery.” — George Bird Grinnell, “The Crown of the Continent” in The Century Magazine, 1901
Dr. George Bird Grinnell (1849 – 1938) was a hunter, anthropologist, naturalist, publisher, Audubon Society founder, and Indian rights advocate who has been called the Father of Glacier National Park and the Father of American Conservation. While he specialized in studies of the plains Indians, visitors to Glacier National Park during this centennial year will hear of his association with the Crown of the Continent and will see his name linked to a lake, mountain, point and glacier in the Swiftcurrent Valley.
When George was seven, the Grinnell family moved into Manhattan’s Audubon Park neighborhood, the estate of John James Audubon (1785-1851) managed by the ornithologist’s widow Lucy. George was fascinated by the specimens of birds stored in the barn and was lucky enough to become one of the children tutored by Madam Audubon.
In his 1939 tribute to Grinnell in “The Auk – A Quarterly Journal of Ornithology,” Albert Fisher wrote that “Madam Audubon gave Grinnell his first conscious lesson about birds. One of his early recollections was being called from the breakfast table one morning to look at a large flock of Passenger Pigeons that was feeding in a dogwood tree twenty-five or thirty feet from the house. There were so many of the birds that all could not alight in it, and many kept fluttering about while others fed on the ground, eating berries knocked off by those above.”
Speculating about the workings of fortune and fate, one can only wonder how the future of conservation and Montana’s Rocky Mountains were impacted by the pivotal moment encompassed by pigeons and a dogwood.
Also pivotal in Grinnell’s life were his volunteer experiences at 21 on a paleontology expedition to Nebraska. In his 2004 article in Bugle Magazine “George Bird Grinnell: The Father of American Conservation,” Shane Mahoney wrote: “His writings from this time also reflect his deep love of the hunt and his capacity to appreciate the sheer beauty and grandeur of wild and unspoiled lands. His memories of fireside gatherings after a vigorous day afield are testimony to his love of the land and the cultures of men who made it their obsession and home. While his keen scientific eye was always turned to gathering new insights, his soul and heart were expanding in the western frontier, beginning to form in him a fevered commitment to the preservation of wildlife and the hunt.”
Grinnell served as a naturalist on an 1874 Black Hills expedition led by General Custer and on an 1875 expedition to Yellowstone. He found himself drawn west not only as a hunter of big game, but as a man impressed by the natural wonders he saw and by the lives and stories of the Pawnee, Blackfeet and other tribes he encountered and befriended. President Grover Cleveland would later appoint Grinnell as a commissioner to liaison with the Blackfeet and the Belknap Indians.
Grinnell’s articles about his experiences began appearing in “Forest and Stream,” a magazine he would later edit and then publish. He wrote not only of hunting but of the need to curtail the wholesale slaughter of animals for market purposes. His report of conditions in Yellowstone showed that game and timber were being stolen away by commercial interests.
As Mahoney noted, “Grinnell returned from the [Yellowstone] expedition determined to provide better protection for the park and to set before the American people a platform of discussion regarding just what a national park should represent. In so doing he was to lay the foundation for the national park system we have today.”
Grinnell coined the phrase “Crown of the Continent” in his 1901 article in The Century Magazine. He included a sketch of the area that would ultimately bear a very close resemblance to the park that would be created nine years later. Luckily, the geologists and promoters who swarmed through mountains seeking gold, copper and oil found no viable deposits.
While Grinnell, with his high-level contacts and his reputation as an advocate for conservation, had been pushing for protected status for the Montana mountains for almost 20 years, he would say later that the Great Northern Railroad deserved most of the credit. Taking little or no credit for his accomplishments was a long-time Grinnell attitude that, even now, causes him to be overlooked in many assessments of early conservation activities.
At the time, Grinnell spoke to “Empire Builder” James J. Hill of the Great Northern about the benefits of a park. Hill, whose views leaned more toward the kind of playground the railroad might develop there than toward conservation, pressured Montana’s Congressional delegation to support the park. Ultimately, the legislation passed with little debate, and President Taft signed the legislation in May, 1910.
According to historian C. W. Buchholtz in Man in Glacier, George Bird Grinnell wrote that “the people of the Great Northern were entirely responsible for the creation of Glacier. In 1929, Grinnell stated: ‘Important men in control of the Great Northern Rail road were made to see the possibilities of the region and after nearly twenty years of effort, a bill setting aside the park was passed.'” In the years that followed, Grinnell would wonder if Glacier Park was truly safe, for he saw more commercialization there than he thought was proper.
Without the railroad as the final powerful catalyst, Glacier National Park might never have been created; the railroad saw a tourist destination where the natural resources could be managed and used. Grinnell had greater vision, one developed over the long term and one that has sustained us well for the last 100 years.
Copyright (c) 2010 by Malcolm R. Campbell, author of “The Sun Singer,” a mythic adventure novel set in Glacier National Park.